MANI 601 Research Outline 2
Transport Safety and Emergency Procedures
Safety, vehicles, property, life, technology, risk, danger, perception, training, educating, safety cards, probability, statistics.
During the research part of my film, I have learned that is really important to get as much knowledge as possible about the topic, to search and identify in what areas is very crucial to get actual scientific reasons and numbers and in what others is relevant to get opinions and to accept our human participation. I also think it is important to analyse from the beginning “safety” in a general way from its meaning, what it represents to human beings and how we humans can feel safer and actually be safer.

Main Research Categories
I have been mainly researching on the body & perception and mapping space frameworks as the main topic deals a lot with issues affecting senses, physical and psychological reaction to the illusion of feeling safe. In terms of mapping, it is worth to consider all the fields where safety procedures are promoted and all the branches of transportation safety.

Media sources such as online journals, books about transportation safety, online newspapers, documentaries, films with the same kind of humour and critical style that I want to pursue. Comedy books and prank airline videos. Journal Articles about safety and emergency procedures. Articles about accident statistics.
Interviews: Even if the idea of making interviews for the film never crossed my mind, I acknowledge the importance of doing them as part of the research process but not as an essential part to make it happen. In case of taking into account interviews, I would consider to carry a few interviews to flight attendants and /or pilots. I could consider in the same way interviewing normal people and their experience as passengers.

Case Studies
-“Miracle of the Hudson plane crash”. Documentary film shown on the National Geographic Channel.

On Thursday 15 January 2009, 155 people on board US Airways flight 1549 met potential disaster in the sky over New York City. I think this documentary and the investigation of what happen with this plane which had to land in the Hudson Lake after striking birds is a good example on how a combination of good luck and a good management of the safety procedures finally ended in a successful emergency landing. I think all these investigation programs and documentaries by the National Geographic are really relevant and important to watch as they refer to the accident itself, the investigation and they interview from many points of view.

– Luxair Safety video

This is an animated Airline safety video. Airlines have been using animation for quite a long time by now but what I really like about this video is the way is statically designed. Nowadays, with the importance and greatness that CGI brings to the field, many airlines are approaching complex digital animation to incorporate in their publicity and airline videos. The Luxair video keeps having that rough typical and very authentic design of old safety cards, preserving simple character and background design and using very bright colours and straight forward animation.




Safety measures have always been part of our lives since we were children with the big difference that at that time we were just told to avoid danger and be careful in certain situations but we never thought things could get wrong at any point, our lack of knowledge made us trust everything in our perfect world so we never expected to have measures to follow during or after accidents. As adults we are sufficiently conscious about all the dangers that we are exposed to and that accidents are part of our daily routines and burdens.
Nowadays, emergency and safety boards and signs are everywhere and exist due to policies those companies must follow to protect the rights of their customers and the company’s integrity when having an accident at any place or in any vehicle of their property.


It is true that transport systems and vehicles are getting safer everyday and that the probability for a person of being involved in an aviation accident could be 1 in a few million but it is a fact as well that in case of having an airplane accident the chance to survive might not be that remote. Surprisingly, according to the NTSB (National Transportation Safety Boards), you’re much more likely to walk away from an airline accident than you are to perish. In fact, the same investigation showed that a staggering 95.7 percent of people involved in plane crashes survive.
There are more than 50 technical known issues that can happen to an airplane while is flying and there are many environmental factors apart from the collision itself that could affect and harm us such as low air temperatures of -50 C at 10000m of altitude, ocean temperatures below -2C in case of landing on water and post –collision dangers such as fire and explosions.
After spending some time researching about the statistics already mentioned, I found out that there’s another institution called (ACRO) Aircraft Crashes Record Office and that these people base all their investigations and numbers considering only the accidents in which the aircraft has suffered such damage that it is removed from service. In that way, I discovered that the NTSB bases their studies in all type of accidents, considering a “crash” an emergency landing due to a landing gear fault.
In conclusion, having an aviation accident is a deadly and catastrophic event and safety cards and emergency procedures are only reliable and accurate depending on the situation, the type of accident, the conditions why not, luck.


At this stage I could see the project going in either of these directions. A documentary which would concentrate in more than criticising emergency and transport safety cards and policies but in elaborating an honest message and make fun on how these signs, boards and videos are designed by these companies in such an informal, too elaborated and sometimes funny way . For that reason it represents a mixture of my own subjective ideas to complement the objectivity that these rules represent on paper to finally elaborate a general understanding of the topic but affecting me in such a deep way to be considered a performative documentary. In the contrary, this will be a perfect example of the unreal and imaginative ingredients of the poetic mode accompanied with a straight forward narration to make the audience accept or destroy the filmmaker’s message. For this idea, a safety video with camera pans following a safety card would be an interesting way of being develop.

The second direction could be making a documentary about the development of safety cards and show in what aspects they have changed during the different periods in the XX century as an example pre and post war safety cards. Would be worthy as well to show how they were modified according to maybe social and political propaganda and circumstances in a particular period of time. It is important to consider whatever the decision would be that the idea will revolve around the content and visuals from the book and that the intention will be to add satiric and comic language and sense to the topic.


– When referring to the exact words “Please leave behind any personal belongings when evacuating”, a person should appear naked while being in the toilet or people naked jumping from the plane.

– Making fun of the electronic devices policy

– mentioning that there were very honest safety cards in the 60’s.
-Mentioning that people were allowed to smoke during flights before.

-Mentioning that people were allowed weirdly to hang out around the plane when the seat belt sign was switch off.

-Mentioning that airlines have always been concerned about comfort and how to advertise about less important things than safety, even though there are some funny adverts that try to convince passengers about the aircraft’s safety for having four engines instead of two.

-Mentioning that all the characters and people on safety cards look like upper class people, typical American style families and some reflect the way of living of modern western society.

-Mentioning that most of the people on safety cards are white. What impact has or had this at the time.

I think the way safety cards/boards are designed give us the chance to mock about them.

It looks more like a hospital than a plane why on earth the flight attendant wants to
And the boy looks already terminally ill. Abandon the aircraft and take the oxygen mask
with her.

Some examples of the style I think is adequate and appealing for the documentary. The images are taken from the book “Design for Impact”.
The documentary could be done as an airline safety video or recreating a passenger following with his sight an airline safety card with all the instructions. The bit of the passenger seated and holding the card could be filmed in live action until he reads the card as a “comic book”. It will involve live action mainly taken from old fashioned archives, cut-out animation and probably considering TV Paint as well. The design will be very similar to the images in the book with not much detail on it but always recreating the design that characterised airplane safety cards that are basically very strong, light colours and a simple character design. I am contemplating the use of an old fashioned narration to accompany the visuals.